Apa citation in research paper

Click this link to download the PDF handout of the APA Sample Paper. Cite your source automatically in APA. Website Using citation machines responsibly.
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Invert the first author's name so that the last name appears first. Subsequent authors' names should be written in regular order. Spell out first names. Use a middle initial if it is provided on the research paper. The title of the paper is written in title case, meaning that most adjectives, nouns, and verbs are capitalized, but articles and conjunctions are not.

Titles are enclosed in quotation marks. Include the type of paper after the title. Provide the place and year of publication.

APA Citation Style, 6th edition: Journal Article with 3-7 Authors

If the paper was unpublished, the date you use will be the year the paper was written. If the paper was published, you'll follow the general rules for citing an article in Chicago style. Include any additional information necessary to locate the paper. If you accessed the paper online, you should add a direct URL so your readers can go directly to the paper as you found it.

If the paper has a database number assigned to it, that can also help readers locate the paper more easily. Follow your instructor's guidance regarding in-text citations. Chicago and Turabian a simplified version of Chicago style style research papers may use either footnotes or parenthetical citations to cite references in the body of your paper.

How to Cite a Research Paper in APA

Footnotes are essentially the same as the full citation, although the first and last names of the authors aren't inverted. For parenthetical citations, Chicago uses the Author-Date format.


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For example: " Kringle and Frost Method 3. Start with the authors of the paper.

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Invert the names of the authors so that you list their last names first, followed by their first names. Separate multiple authors with commas. Provide the title of the research paper. In MLA, enclose the title and subtitle in quotation marks.

Capitalize most words, but not short articles or conjunctions unless they are the first word of the title or subtitle. Identify the paper's location. MLA operates on the concept of containers.

APA Rules for Attributing Sources

Your paper is part of a larger whole, which may be part of an even larger whole. In your citation, list the smallest container first, followed by the larger, all the way up to the largest. Your citation might be: "Kringle, Kris, and Frost, Jack. University of Alaska Library Archives. Accessed December 24, Use parenthetical references in the body of your work.

After you mention something in your paper that requires you to cite the research paper, place the names of the authors in parentheses along with the page number where the information appears. Method 4. An AMA citation begins with the names of the authors or editors of the paper. Use no punctuation apart from a comma between names.

If there are more than 6 authors, list the first 3 followed by the abbreviation "et al. Provide the title in sentence case. In sentence case, you only capitalize the first word and any proper nouns included in the title of the article. If there is a subtitle, include it after a colon with an initial capital at the beginning of the subtitle. Include journal information if the paper was published. A research paper that was published in an academic journal should be treated like any other journal article.

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Include the abbreviated title of the journal in italics, followed by the year of publication, issue number, and pages where the paper appears. Nat Med. Provide location information if the paper hasn't been published. If the paper was presented at a conference or symposium, include information about the conference where it was presented.

If you found it online, provide a direct link and the date you accessed it. Use superscript numbers in the body of your paper. For in-text citations, include a superscript number after the information for which you need a citation. The importance of using proper citations cannot be understated. It gives credit to the authors for ideas and research that you have incorporated into your own paper. In addition, failing to acknowledge the work of others can lead to accusations of plagiarism, which in turn can lead to consequences such as a failing grade or even getting fired from your job.

This page offers guidelines on how to properly format your cover page, reference page the bibliography and general in-text citing. Before you start your essay or research paper, you should familiarize yourself with some general APA rules. First, your paper must be typed on standard-sized paper 8. APA also requires double-spacing and the use of a font that is legible. The use of 12 pt. Times New Roman font is preferred, although you should always consult your teacher or professor if in doubt about the font. To achieve this, insert page numbers flush right. The running head should not be longer than 50 characters, including punctuation and spacing, even if the title of your paper is longer.

An APA format title page should include the title of your paper, your name, and the school, college or university where you study. The page header should be inserted flush left while the page numbering should be flush right and at the top of the page. This is how the running head should appear on the title page:.

Your title should be centered, typed in upper and lowercase letters, and located in the upper half of the page. APA recommends limiting your title length to a maximum of 12 words and avoiding the use of abbreviations and unnecessary words. It is acceptable for the title to consist of one or two lines. Use double-spacing throughout your paper, including on the title page. Under the title, you should type your first name, middle initial s , and last name. Omit titles e. In addition to a title page, an APA format paper should also contain an abstract, the body of the paper, and the reference list.

The abstract should follow the title page. The top will include the aforementioned page header. Below this is where you will provide a brief, one paragraph, double-spaced summary of the main points of your essay. Do not indent the abstract. You could also include the implications of your work and recommendations for future studies connected with your findings.

APA Style Research Paper Format: Review of Model APA Research Paper